Category: tdkaqvss

Extend quota benefits to pvt sector to honour Ambedkar: CPI(M)

first_imgNew Delhi, Nov 10 (PTI) With Parliament slated to honour the architect of the Constitution B R Ambedkar in the Winter Session, CPI(M) today asked the government to implement his “unfinished agenda” by adopting a law to extend quota provisions to the private sector.The partys Politburo urged the government to use the first two days of the session, earmarked for the purpose, “for carrying on the unfinished agenda and vision of Dr Ambedkar on the issue of social justice.””The government must come prepared with legislative business” on enacting a law to extend the constitutional provision of reservation to the private sector, legislate on the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Bill 2015 pending before the Rajya Sabha and enact laws providing statutory status to the Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe Sub-Plan, the party said in a statement.”Though this is not a special session, as the CPI(M) had demanded, these two days must be utilised for ensuring that the attention of the entire country is focussed on this shameful scourge of Indian society – inequality on the basis of birth and descent – and on the urgent need to take comprehensive and strong measures to eliminate it,” it said.”This is the least that the Indian Parliament can do to carry forward Dr Ambedkars vision. This is the best way to observe this anniversary,” the CPI(M) said. PTI ENM ARClast_img read more

Read More

Colombia crash: Plane carrying Chapecoense players was running out of fuel

first_imgThe plane that crashed in Colombia virtually wiping out an entire Brazilian football team was running out of fuel, had no electrical power, and was preparing for an emergency landing, according to the pilot’s final words. (Plane carrying football players from Brazil crashes in Colombia)The disaster on Monday night killed 71 people and sent shock waves round the global football world. (Brazilian clubs offer to loan players to Chapecoense after plane crash)Only six on board the LAMIA Bolivia charter flight survived, including three of the Chapecoense football squad en route to the biggest game in their history: the Copa Sudamericana final.”Miss, LAMIA 933 is in total failure, total electrical failure, without fuel,” Bolivian pilot Miguel Quiroga was heard telling the control tower operator at Medellin’s airport on the crackly audio played by Colombian media.”Fuel emergency, Miss,” he added, requesting urgent permission to land.That matched the account from the co-pilot of an Avianca plane flying close by at the time. He said he overheard the LAMIA plane reporting it was out of fuel and had to land.”Mayday mayday … Help us get to the runway … Help, help,” Juan Sebastian Upegui described the LAMIA pilot as saying in an audio message also played by local media.”Then it ended … We all started to cry.”The BAe 146, made by BAE Systems Plc (BAES.L), slammed into a mountainside next to La Union town outside Medellin. Besides the three players, a journalist and two crew members survived.One survivor, Bolivian flight technician Erwin Tumiri, said he only saved himself by strict adherence to security procedure, while others panicked.advertisement”Many passengers got up from their seats and started yelling,” he told Colombia’s Radio Caracol.”I put the bag between my legs and went into the foetal position as recommended.”Bolivian flight attendant Ximena Suarez, another survivor, said the lights went out less than a minute before the plane slammed into the mountain, according to Colombian officials in Medellin.Of the players, goalkeeper Jackson Follmann was recovering from the amputation of his right leg, doctors said.Another player, defender Helio Neto, remained in intensive care with severe trauma to his skull, thorax and lungs.Fellow defender Alan Ruschel had spinal surgery.Suarez and Tumiri were shaken and bruised but not in critical condition, medical staff said, while journalist Rafael Valmorbida was in intensive care for multiple rib fractures that partly collapsed a lung.In Medellin and Chapeco, fans held homage to the team.Dressed in white and chanting “we will never forget, this cup goes to heaven” the Atletico Nacional stadium in Medellin erupted in cheers, while others cried and white doves flew overhead. The team had been due to play Chapecoense in the regional final.Atletico wants the trophy to be given to Chapecoense in honour of the dead.”As far as we are concerned,” the team said, “Chapecoense will forever be the champions of the Copa Sudamericana Cup 2016.”Tens of thousands of fans packed the Capeco’s stadium for a second night.When a video of Colombian supporters singing a club anthem was broadcast on a giant screen, the stadium exploded in song.At what would have been kick-off time in the Cup final, the faces and names of those who died in the plane crash were shown on the screen.INVESTIGATING THE CRASHA young fan of Chapecoense soccer team reacts at the Arena Conda stadium in Chapeco, Brazil. (Reuters Photo)Investigators from Brazil have joined Colombian counterparts to check two black boxes from the crash site on a muddy hillside in wooded highlands near the town of La Union.Bolivia, where LAMIA is based, and the United Kingdom also sent experts to help the probe.The plane “came over my house, but there was no noise,” said Nancy Munoz, 35, who grows strawberries in the area. “The engine must have gone.”Some have questioned why Chapecoense used the charter company instead of a commercial airline and why the plane did not have enough fuel for the roughly five-hour flight.The club’s vice president, Luiz Antonio Palaoro, said LAMIA had a track-record of transporting football teams around South America and it had used the airline previously.”We are dealing with the humanitarian aspect of the families and the victims,” Palaoro told reporters in Chapeco. “After that, we are going to have to think about restructuring the team and also in the appropriate legal measures.”LAMIA CEO Gustavo Vargas said it is at the pilot’s discretion to refuel en route. There is about 4.5 hours of fuel on board and weather conditions sometimes mean it should be refuelled.advertisement”There’s sometimes more or less. Weather conditions influence a lot, but he had alternatives in Bogota in case of a fuel deficiency. He had all the power to go to refuel. It’s a decision that the pilot takes,” Vargas told reporters in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.Rescuers have recovered all of the bodies, which are to be sent to Brazil and Bolivia.All of the crew members were Bolivian.Forty-five of the bodies have been identified, Colombian officials said.Since there was no fire on board, bodies are being identified by fingerprints, Julio Bitelli, Brazil’s ambassador to Colombia, told Reuters.”There’s no need for family members to come,” he said.”If they want to come, that’s an individual decision that we respect, and we will give all the support needed.”He said returning the bodies to Brazil was complicated by the number of victims, but air force planes were ready to take them from Medellin direct to Chapeco, in remote southern Brazil.BRAZIL MOURNS LOSSSoccer-mad Brazil declared three days of mourning.It was a bitter twist to a fairy-tale story for Chapecoense. Since 2009, the team rose from Brazil’s fourth to top division and was about to play the biggest match in its history in the first leg of the regional cup final in Medellin.Global football greats from Lionel Messi to Pele sent condolences.In the small city of Chapec in remote southern Brazil, black and green ribbons were draped on fences, balconies and restaurant tables. Schools cancelled classes, and businesses closed.”It’s a miracle,” Flavio Ruschel, the father of Alan Ruschel, told Globo News as he prepared to fly to Colombia. “I don’t think I’ll be able to speak, just hug him and cry a lot.”Black banners hung from a cathedral downtown and wrapped around a 14-meter statue of one of the town’s founding explorers.Outside the team’s Conda stadium, a group of hardcore fans put up a tent and promised to keep vigil until the bodies of their idols returned to the city.”We were there for them in victory, and we’re here for them in tragedy, rain or shine,” said fan Caua Regis. “Like family.”The club is planning an open wake at their stadium, a city official said.last_img read more

Read More

Sergio Aguero nets hat-trick as Manchester City F.C. beat Newcastle United

first_imgManchester City returned to winning ways in the Premier League thanks to a Sergio Aguero hat-trick against Newcastle United on Saturday night.Aguero completed his hat-trick in the 83rd minute to give the Premier League runaway leaders a 3-1 victory at the Etihad Stadium.The Argentina international deftly headed in Kevin De Bruyne’s cross in the 34th minute, before converting a 63rd minute penalty to put City in command.Muy feliz de cumplir 200 partidos en Premier en este gran equipo con una merecida victoria y con goles //Very happy for my 200th Premier League game for this amazing team, for the deserved victory, and the goals C’mon, City! pic.twitter.com/njuHxAlXof— Sergio Kun Aguero (@aguerosergiokun) January 20, 2018Newcastle rallied, with Jacob Murphy’s first goal for the club four minutes later getting his side back in it, before City goalkeeper Ederson almost gifted the visitors a leveller but recovered well to deny Mohamed Diame.However, Leroy Sane set up Aguero seven minutes from time for his and City’s third, as the home side bounced back from defeat at Liverpool to restore their 12-point lead at the top of the standings after Manchester United had briefly cut it to nine earlier in the day. Newcastle remain 15th.”We need 10 more wins to be champions, and we’ll try for more points,” City manager Pep Guardiola said. “It was important how we reacted at 2-1, we didn’t panic.”David Silva was restored to the City side, while injuries at left back meant Oleksandr Zinchenko was handed a full Premier League debut. However, Silva’s presence didn’t have the desired effect early on as City struggled to find any rhythm.advertisementBack to winning ways. Good performance from the team. Congrats Kun for the hattrick pic.twitter.com/7F7hynXWNA— Kevin De Bruyne (@DeBruyneKev) January 20, 2018Raheem Sterling did have the ball in the net in the 18th minute, only to be denied by the linesman’s flag for being offside.Back with a win +3 #MCFC pic.twitter.com/YNoEVtmy02— Raheem Sterling (@sterling7) January 20, 2018Then, out of nothing City took the lead. De Bruyne picked the ball up on the left and clipped a cross into the opposition penalty area, with Aguero getting the faintest of touches to glance the ball home.City continued to labour in attack until Sterling was fouled by Javier Manquillo to earn a penalty, which Aguero confidently converted.”They are a very good team, our reaction was quite good. The penalty was a bit soft and it changed everything,” Newcastle manager Rafa Benitez said.Murphy then raced clear before finishing well to briefly unsettle City. Shortly after, Ederson was fortunate his error in failing to hold on to the ball wasn’t punished by Diame.Newcastle continued to press, but they were caught on the counter as Sane brilliantly dribbled his way into the box before pulling the ball back for Aguero to net his 22nd goal this season in all competitions.(Courtesy: Reuters)last_img read more

Read More

CENTER FOR SIOUXLAND OFFERS HOME BUYER EDUCATION HELP

first_imgA class to help first time home buyers navigate through the purchase process is being offered by the Center For Siouxland this year.Lori Scott is the program coordinator for the one day class that will be offered monthly beginning January 26th:Audio Playerhttp://kscj.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/HOMEOWN2.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.OC………….purchase a home. :13Dianna Menefee, assistant vice president of the Central Bank of Sioux City, presented a check for $2,500 to support the Center For Siouxland Homebuyer Education Program:Audio Playerhttp://kscj.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/HOMEOWN.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.OC……….exciting for us. :13The bank’s donation allows for the class to be provided at no charge to those who sign up.Anyone interested in signing up should call the Center for Siouxland at 252-1861 or stop by the office at 715 Douglas Street.last_img read more

Read More

Rooney arrest: Naive mistake or pattern of bad decisions?

first_imgIt is with a sad and heavy heart that we have to announce that Wayne Rooney is, unfortunately, at it again.In the latest string of off-pitch events for the former England international, court records obtained in the US show Rooney was arrested on charges of public intoxication and swearing charges last month .After arriving from Saudi Arabia in Virginia on December 16, the 33-year-old was arrested at Washington-Dulles Airport before eventually being released without bail. Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘There is no creativity’ – Can Solskjaer get Man Utd scoring freely again? ‘Everyone legged it on to the pitch!’ – How Foden went from Man City superfan to future superstar Emery out of jail – for now – as brilliant Pepe papers over Arsenal’s cracks What is Manchester United’s ownership situation and how would Kevin Glazer’s sale of shares affect the club? The Virginia code section that Rooney was arrested under (18.2-388) suggests that he could have been charged for swearing or intoxication  or  both. But with the context of his past run-ins with the law, which include being arrested for drink-driving in 2017, it’s hard to imagine a case where he was only taken in for mild verbal abuse.”We are aware of news reports indicating that Wayne Rooney was arrested in December,” D.C. United said in a statement that distanced themselves from the events entirely.“We understand the media’s interest in this matter but believe this is a private matter for Wayne that D.C. United will handle internally.”Rooney’s agent, Paul Stretford, however, shed more light to the situation, claiming that the incident at the airport occurred as a result of the player mixing sleeping pills with alcohol on the flight back to the U.S.Wayne Rooney MLS 07142018The agent said Rooney “took a prescribed amount of sleeping tablets mixed with some alcohol consumption and consequently was disorientated on arrival. He was approached by police who arrested him on a minor misdemeanour charge.”The matter is now at an end. Wayne would like to put on record his appreciation for the manner he was treated by all involved.”It seems a rather tame explanation for the incident that took place, however, given Rooney’s past run-ins with the law. It was just in September 2017 that the forward, then playing for Everton, was arrested in Cheshire under charges of drink-driving and sentenced to a two-year ban behind the wheel.Rooney was found to be at almost three times the legal limit when he was stopped by police on the road in the early hours of the morning, with a breathalyser test showing his alcohol level to be 104 micrograms in 100 millilitres of breath . The drink-drive limit in England and Wales is 35 micrograms per 100 millilitres of breath.He was later sentenced to a £300,000 fine and 100 hours of unpaid work, and said after the hearing: “I want publicly to apologise for my unforgivable lack of judgment in driving while over the legal limit. It was completely wrong.”I have already said sorry to my family, my manager and chairman and everyone at Everton. Now I want to apologise to all the fans and everyone else who has followed and supported me throughout my career.”The drink-driving incident, however, is only one chapter in a series of turbulent events acts for Rooney, who already had three points on his driving license for a speeding offence in August 2016.US media outlets have reported Rooney’s latest incident with the law in a straightforward manner without deviating from official reports or suggesting an alternate narrative, characterising the incident as a result of ‘public intoxication’, though the majority of publications have been sure to include his drink-driving incident in their story.The likes of ESPN , Deadspin and CNN have all mentioned his 2017 arrest in their stories, along with D.C. United and Stretford’s comments, though have not proposed that there is another layer to the story.The Washington Post added that Rooney had consumed three mixed drinks with his sleeping pills which caused his disorientation, according to a source close to the story.While the US publications have only reported known facts about the situation without colouring the narrative with other theories as to what caused the incident, fans on Twitter have been quick to point out their scepticism regarding his agent’s official statement, and not buying the story .Others questioned  his naive decision to drink alcohol while taking sleeping tablets in the first place.”Are we supposed to feel sorry for him then? Surely he’s old enough to know that tablets and alcohol don’t go together,” said one user, while another commented : “From the ‘Wayne Hennessey’ book of excuses,” referencing the Crystal Palace goalkeeper’s denial of doing a Nazi salute on the same weekend the Rooney arrest story broke .Football fans are no strangers to Rooney’s reputation off the pitch. It’s not just driving-related incidents that the former England captain has been involved in – having been accused of alleged infidelity  and being unfaithful to his wife Coleen on multiple occasions in a long line of controversies.Wayne Rooney England 2016His drink-driving charge in 2017 was perceived even worse when he was alleged to have done so driving with another woman while his wife was pregnant at the time with their fourth child.It adds to the curious discussion as to how certain footballers are covered by the media in the UK. In the US, publications are in general a lot more partisan when reporting about athletes, and the Rooney incident was covered neutrally with only the basic facts covered.The story was also, of course, covered widely in the UK, with publications covering an incident that would negatively impact a star player’s reputation and career. Piers Morgan recently argued that there was no difference in the way that players such as Raheem Sterling were being treated by the press, using Rooney’s past faults and misdemeanours as an example – with this the latest chapter to be considered.Morgan referenced how the press have attacked former England greats such as Paul Gascoigne and David Beckham and how Sterling isn’t isolated in his treatment – but what is crucial is the reasons for the derogatory press attention and reasons for the negative coverage.Sterling has been attacked for being in a committed relationship (with The Sun describing her as his ‘long-suffering girlfriend’), having breakfast , and shopping at Primark by the UK press.The coverage of Rooney’s incident, as expected, has not been treated with the same lowbrow attention as Sterling’s stories has. The Man City starlet has never been arrested for drink-driving or public intoxication, but according to the headlines generated by his less-than-noteworthy actions, he may as well have already.last_img read more

Read More

MacLean Livingstone Delaney and Disability Rights Coalition of Nova Scotia v Province

first_imgThe independent Nova Scotia human rights board of inquiry in the case of Beth MacLean, Sheila Livingstone, Joseph Delaney and the Disability Rights Coalition of Nova Scotia v. Province of Nova Scotia, resumed today, March 12. The complaint to the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission was brought on behalf of some residents living in an institutionalized setting who have mental and/or physical disabilities. They allege that living in this setting is discriminatory and that they should be housed in small options homes instead. The hearing will continue until Thursday, March 15. Additional hearing dates will be announced in the future. Proceedings will take place at the Chocolate Lake Best Western, 250 St. Margarets Bay Rd. beginning at 9:30 a.m. The board chair is J. Walter Thompson, who is independent of the commission. The commission is not representing either party. It represents the public interest. -30-last_img read more

Read More

TShirts Signed By Annie Lennox And Hozier To Be Auctioned

first_imgAnnie Lennox is to auction three The GRAMMYs T-shirts that she bought whilst in LA for her performance with Hozier earlier this year.Annie Lennox And Hozier Signed ShirtAll three sizes are signed by both Annie and Hozier. A very special memento from such an amazing evening!Annie will be auctioning these on eBay to raise money for The Annie Lennox Foundation. The auction will run from May 4th – 10th, 2015.last_img

Read More

BC asks court to affirm right to protect environment from heavy oils

first_imgTina HouseAPTN NewsBritish Columbia’s fight against the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion is heading to court with the New Democrat government seeking affirmation that it has the right to protect its environment from the threat of a heavy oil spill.The reference case to B.C.’s Court of Appeal throws further uncertainty on the project as cabinet ministers said Thursday it is unlikely a decision will be reached before Kinder Morgan Canada’s May 31 deadline for getting some assurance it can proceed without the threat of more delays.Premier John Horgan said the reference case is aimed at protecting the province’s coastline and economy from the harms of an oil spill.“By issuing this reference today we’re confirming we have the jurisdiction to ensure that if there was a catastrophic diluted bitumen spill we have the ability to take steps to protect our economy and our environment,” Horgan said.It’s the latest move in the escalating dispute over the $7.4-billion project that would double an existing pipeline from Edmonton to Burnaby, B.C., in an effort to sell more fuel to Asian markets.thouse@aptn.ca@inthehouse7-with files from the Canadian Presslast_img read more

Read More

Nucleararmed North Korea profits from US EU seafood sales

first_imgHUNCHUN, China – The workers wake up each morning on metal bunk beds in fluorescent-lit Chinese dormitories, North Koreans outsourced by their government to process seafood that ends up in American stores and homes.Privacy is forbidden. They cannot leave their compounds without permission. They must take the few steps to the factories in pairs or groups, with North Korean minders ensuring no one strays. They have no access to telephones or email. And they are paid a fraction of their salaries, while the rest — as much as 70 per cent — is taken by North Korea’s government.This means Americans buying salmon for dinner at Walmart or ALDI may inadvertently have subsidized the North Korean government as it builds its nuclear weapons program, an AP investigation has found. Their purchases may also have supported what the United States calls “modern day slavery” — even if the jobs are highly coveted by North Koreans.At a time when North Korea faces sanctions on many exports, the government is sending tens of thousands of workers worldwide, bringing in revenue estimated at anywhere from $200 million to $500 million a year. That could account for a sizable portion of North Korea’s nuclear weapons and missile programs, which South Korea says have cost more than $1 billion.While the presence of North Korean workers overseas has been documented, the AP investigation reveals for the first time that some products they make go to the United States, which is now a federal crime. AP also tracked the products made by North Korean workers to Canada, Germany and elsewhere in the European Union.In addition to seafood, AP found North Korean labourers making wood flooring and sewing garments in factories in Hunchun. Those industries also export to the U.S. from Hunchun, but AP did not track specific shipments except for seafood.American companies are not allowed to import products made by North Korean workers anywhere in the world, under a law signed by President Donald Trump in early August. Importers or company officials could face criminal charges for using North Korean workers or materially benefiting from their work, according to the law.Every Western company involved that responded to AP’s requests for comment said forced labour and potential support for North Korea’s weapons program were unacceptable in their supply chains. Many said they were going to investigate, and some said they had already cut off ties with suppliers.John Connelly, president of the National Fisheries Institute, the largest seafood trade association in the U.S., said his group was urging all of its companies to immediately re-examine their supply chains “to ensure that wages go to the workers, and are not siphoned off to support a dangerous dictator.”“While we understand that hiring North Korean workers may be legal in China,” said Connelly, “we are deeply concerned that any seafood companies could be inadvertently propping up the despotic regime.”In response to the investigation, Senate leaders said Wednesday that the U.S. needs to keep products made by North Koreans out of the United States and get China to refuse to hire North Korean workers.“The administration needs to ramp up the pressure on China to crack down on trade with North Korea across the board,” said top Senate Democrat Chuck Schumer.___EXPORTING LabourNorth Koreans overseas work in construction in the Gulf states, shipbuilding in Poland, logging in Russia. In Uruguay, authorities told AP, about 90 North Koreans crewed fishing boats last year. U.N. sanctions now bar countries from authorizing new work permits for North Korean workers but do not target those already abroad.Roughly 3,000 North Koreans are believed to work in Hunchun, a far northeast Chinese industrial hub just a few miles from the borders of both North Korea and Russia. Signs in this mercantile city are in Chinese, Korean and Russian. Korean restaurants advertise cold noodles, a Northern favourite, and Russian truckers stop into nightclubs with black bread on the menu.In an effort to boost the local economy, China and North Korea agreed several years ago to allow factories to contract for groups of North Korean workers, establishing an industrial zone with bargain-priced labour. Since then dozens of fish processing companies have opened in Hunchun, along with other manufacturers. Using North Korean workers is legal in China, and not considered forced labour.It’s unknown what conditions are like in all factories in the region, but AP reporters saw North Koreans living and working in several of the Hunchun facilities under the watchful eye of their overseers. The workers are not allowed to speak to reporters. However, the AP identified them as North Korean in numerous ways: the portraits of North Korea’s late leaders they have in their rooms, their distinctive accents, interviews with multiple Hunchun businesspeople. The AP also reviewed North Korean labourer documents, including copies of a North Korean passport, a Chinese work permit and a contract with a Hunchun company.When a reporter approached a group of North Koreans — women in tight, bright polyester clothes preparing their food at a Hunchun garment factory — one confirmed that she and some others were from Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. Then a minder arrived, ordering the workers to be silent: “Don’t talk to him!”Their contracts are typically for two or three years, and they are not allowed to go home early. The restrictions they work under make them very valuable employees. North Korean labourers are “more stable” than Chinese workers, said Li Shasha, a sales manager at Yanbian Shenghai Industry and Trade Co., a major Hunchun seafood processor.Chinese workers have job protections that give them the right to take time off, while North Korean workers complete their contracts with few complaints, rare sick days and almost no turnover.“They won’t take a leave for some personal reason,” said Li, whose company shipped containers of squid and snow crab to the U.S and Canada in July and August.They are also often considered cheaper. Li said that at the Yanbian Shenghai factory, the North Koreans’ salary is the same as for the Chinese, roughly $300 to $385 per month. But others say North Koreans are routinely paid about $300 a month compared to up to $540 for Chinese.Either way, the North Korean government of Kim Jong Un keeps anywhere from half to 70 per cent of their pay, according to scholars who have surveyed former labourers. It passes on to the workers as little as $90 per month — or roughly 46 cents per hour.The work can be exhausting, with shifts lasting up to 12 hours and most workers getting just one day off each week. At some factories, labourers work hunched over tables as North Korean political slogans are blasted from waist-high loudspeakers.Through dozens of interviews, observation, trade records and other public and confidential documents, AP identified three seafood processors that employ North Koreans and export to the U.S.: Joint venture Hunchun Dongyang Seafood Industry & Trade Co. Ltd. & Hunchun Pagoda Industry Co. Ltd. distributed globally by Ocean One Enterprise; Yantai Dachen Hunchun Seafood Products, and Yanbian Shenghai Industry & Trade Co. Ltd.They’re getting their seafood from China, Russia and, in some cases like snow crab, Alaska. Although AP saw North Korean workers at Hunchun Dongyang, manager Zhu Qizhen said they don’t hire North Korean workers anymore and refused to give details. The other Chinese companies didn’t respond to repeated requests for comment.Shipping records seen by the AP show more than 100 cargo containers of seafood, more than 2,000 tons, were sent to the U.S. and Canada this year from the factories where North Koreans were working in China.Packages of snow crab, salmon fillets, squid rings and more were imported by American distributors, including Sea-Trek Enterprises in Rhode Island, and The Fishin’ Company in Pennsylvania. Sea-Trek exports seafood to Europe, Australia, Asia, Central America and the Caribbean. The Fishin’ Company supplies retailers and food service companies, as well as supermarkets.The Fishin’ Company said it cut its ties with Hunchun processors and got its last shipment this summer, but seafood can remain in the supply chain for more than a year. Owners of both companies said they were very concerned about the North Korean labourers, and planned to investigate.Often the seafood arrives in generic packaging, but some was already branded in China with familiar names like Walmart or Sea Queen, a seafood brand sold exclusively at ALDI supermarkets, which has 1,600 stores across 35 states. There’s no way to say where a particular package ends up, nor what percentage of the factories’ products wind up in the U.S.Walmart spokeswoman Marilee McInnis said company officials learned in an audit a year ago that there were potential labour problems at a Hunchun factory, and that they had banned their suppliers, including The Fishin’ Company, from getting seafood processed there. She said The Fishin’ Company had “responded constructively” but did not specify how.Some U.S. brands and companies had indirect ties to the North Korean labourers in Hunchun, including Chicken of the Sea, owned by Thai Union. Trade records show shipments came from a sister company of the Hunchun factory in another part of China, where Thai Union spokeswoman Whitney Small says labour standards are being met and the employees are all Chinese. Small said the sister companies should not be penalized.Shipments also went to two Canadian importers, Morgan Foods and Alliance Seafood, which did not respond to requests for comment.Boxes at the factories had markings from several major German supermarket chains and brands — All-Fish distributors, REWE and Penny grocers and Icewind brand. REWE Group, which also owns the Penny chain, said that they used to do business with Hunchun Dongyang but the contract has expired. All the companies that responded said their suppliers were forbidden to use forced labour.___HIDDEN LIVESNorth Korean workers in China are under much more intense surveillance than those in Russia and the Middle East, experts say. That’s likely because Pyongyang fears they could follow in the footsteps of tens of thousands of their countrymen who escaped to China, or they could interact with South Koreans living in China.“If a North Korean wants to go overseas, China is his or her least favourable option,” said Andrei Lankov, a North Korea expert at Kookmin University in South Korea. “Because in China, (factories) have essentially prison-like conditions.”The vast majority of the workers in Hunchun are women in their 20s. Most are thought to be hired back home by labour brokers, who often demand bribes for overseas jobs. The labourers arrive in China already divided into work teams, each led by a North Korean overseer, and remain isolated even from their own employers.“They’re not allowed to mingle with the Chinese,” said a senior manager at a Hunchun company that employs many North Koreans. He spoke on condition he not be identified, fearing repercussions on his business. “We can only communicate with their team leaders.”In a sense, the North Korean workers in China remain in North Korea, under constant surveillance.“They only talk about what they need to,” said a medical worker who confirmed their nationality and had cared for some, and also spoke on condition of anonymity out of concern for angering Chinese authorities. “They don’t talk about what they might be thinking.”They live crowded into rooms often above or next door to the factories, in a world awash in North Korean rituals.“Let’s Follow the Ideas!” of North Korea’s leaders, urges a poster at the workers’ dormitory at Hunchun Pagoda. Portraits of the country’s first two rulers, worshipped as god-like in the deeply isolated nation, gaze down from otherwise-bare walls. Laundry is often hanging up to dry and potted plants — mostly what appear to be herbs, though one room at Hunchun Pagoda has bright yellow carnations — sit on many windowsills.It’s a world of concrete. The factory buildings and dormitories at Hunchun Pagoda are grey slabs of unpainted concrete. The yard where the women play volleyball in their free time is concrete. The street outside the front gate is concrete.At most factories the women prepare their own food and make tubs of their own kimchi, the spicy cabbage dish beloved in both Koreas. Their televisions cannot tune in Chinese programming, and they organize their own sports and singing contests on their days off.Nearly every compound has a workers’ garden. There are a half dozen rows of corn at Hunchun Pagoda, and kidney beans and melons at Yantai.A booming Chinese economy means money has come even to cities like Hunchun, where six-lane roads and factories bump up against cornfields that, a year later, often make way for yet another factory. Mercedes are now regular sights on the road and 30-foot billboards at malls show bone-thin models in fur coats.But when the North Koreans are allowed to leave their compounds, they go to the city’s working-class street markets, where vendors set their wares on plastic sheets or folding tables, or sell directly from the backs of trucks.Chinese merchants say most North Koreans are very careful about their finances. For instance, while they splurge on expensive spices imported from South Korea, they also buy Chinese noodles that cost less than half of the South Korean brands.On a recent morning, a group of about 70 North Korean women walked to a Hunchun street market from the nearby Hong Chao Zhi Yi garment factory. They asked about prices for watermelons and plums, browsed through cheap pantyhose and bought steamed corn-on-the-cob for 1 Chinese yuan (about 16 cents) apiece.As the late summer chill set in one evening, a dozen or so women from Hunchun Pagoda played volleyball in the quiet road in front of the compound’s gate, scrimmaging in the pool of light thrown by the street lamp.A train horn blew. The women shouted to one another while they played. As a car with a foreigner drove by, one laughingly called out: “Bye-bye!”___PROPPING UP NORTH KOREAEstimates vary on how many North Koreans work overseas and how much money they bring in.South Korea’s intelligence agency estimated in 2014 that 50,000 to 60,000 work in about 50 countries, most in China and Russia. That number may now be up to 100,000, according to Lim Eul Chul, a scholar at South Korea’s Kyungnam University who has interviewed numerous former labourers. Estimates that their labour brings in revenue of $200 million to $500 million annually to the North Korean government come from scholars, who base their findings on academic research papers, South Korean intelligence reports and sources in the Chinese business community.That has made the workers a significant and reliable source of revenue for the North Korean regime as it struggles beneath the weight of increasing UN sanctions, which the U.S. estimates could cost Pyongyang upwards of $1.5 billion each year in lost export revenues. In the last month alone, China has said it’s cracking down on North Korean exports, businesses and joint ventures, but it has a long history of not enforcing sanctions in practice.Despite the pay and restrictions, these are highly sought-after jobs in North Korea, a chance to move up a rickety economic ladder and see a bit of the world beyond the closed-in nation.Their monthly earnings in China are far more than many would earn in North Korea today, where official salaries often equal $1 per month. Experts estimate most families live on about $40-$60 a month, with much of their earnings coming from trading in the growing network of unofficial markets.And there are plenty of benefits to working overseas. The labourers can use their earnings to start businesses in these markets, and can buy the status symbols of the slowly-growing middle class — foreign-made rice cookers, watches, TVs, tableware — selling them back home or using them as bribes. Simply going abroad is so rare that returning workers can find themselves highly sought-after when it comes time to marry.Lim Il, a North Korean refugee, bribed a series of officials — with 20 bottles of liquor, 30 packs of cigarettes and restaurant gift cards — to get a job as a construction worker in Kuwait City in the late 1990s, when North Korea was still suffering through a horrific famine.“I felt like I had won the lottery,” he said. “People fantasized about getting overseas labour jobs.”Lim, a man in his late 40s who fled to South Korea in 1997 and now writes novels about the North, said that even though he was never paid his $120-a-month salary, he was happy to simply get beef soup and rice every day.“Unless you were an idiot, you wouldn’t give up such an opportunity,” he said. While he never thought of himself as a slave, looking back he says that is the right description: “These North Korean workers (today) still don’t know they are slaves.”The new law in the U.S. labels all North Korean workers both overseas and inside the country as engaging in forced labour. (While U.S. law generally forbids Americans from conducting business in North Korea, the AP employs a small number of support staff in its Pyongyang bureau, operating under a waiver granted by the U.S. government to allow the flow of news and information.)“There are not many countries that, at a government level, export their own citizens as a commodity to be exploited,” said an official at Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he wasn’t authorized to speak to the media.For years the State Department has blacklisted North Korea in its human trafficking reports, saying the overseas labourers and their families could face reprisals if the workers complain or try to escape, and criticizing Pyongyang for keeping much of the workers’ earnings. China, Russia and other countries hosting North Korean labour are all members of the United Nations International Labor Organization, which requires workers to receive their full salaries.Luis CdeBaca, former U.S. ambassador-at-large for human trafficking issues, said both federal law enforcement agents and importers should be making sure workers are treated fairly.“If you think about a company like Walmart, which is spending a lot of money, time and effort to clean up its supply chain, sending auditors and inspectors to factories, working with suppliers, all of that is thrown out the window if they are importing products made with exploited North Korean labour,” said CdeBaca. “It contradicts everything they are doing.”CdeBaca conceded the North Korean workers might like their jobs.“The question is not, ‘Are you happy?’ ” he said. “The question is, ‘Are you free to leave?’”___Associated Press journalists Leonardo Haberkorn in Uruguay, Han Guan Ng and researcher Fu Ting in China, Kelvin K. Chan in Hong Kong, Frank Jordans in Germany and Jon Gambrell in United Arab Emirates contributed to this report. Mendoza reported from California.___Read more in the series: https://www.apnews.com/tag/RepublicofKimlast_img read more

Read More

Canadian firm to supply housing as crews rebuild devastated Paradise Calif

CALGARY — A Canadian company has been selected to help rebuild Paradise, the northern California community that was almost entirely destroyed by a raging wildfire in November.Calgary-based Black Diamond Group Ltd. says its U.S. business unit has won a $20-million rental contract to supply portable housing units with 1,584 beds to support reconstruction.It says the initial term of the contract is for nine months, with an option to extend, and includes transportation costs.Only about 1,500 of the town’s 27,000 residents still live in the few surviving houses after the fire that started in the tinder dry Sierra Nevada foothills destroyed nearly 15,000 homes and killed 85 people.Black Diamond shares were up 12.4 per cent or 27 cents to $2.44 just before noon on Monday.The company rents and sells modular workforce accommodations to business customers in Canada, the United States and Australia.“We are pleased to be one of many supporters in the massive undertaking that is to clean up and rebuild the town of Paradise,” said CEO Trevor Haynes in a news release. “Our team is expected to rapidly supply a large contingent of dormitories that will be used to help house the workforce in the clean-up effort.” The Canadian Press read more

Read More

Delta 2ndquarter profit increases 17 per cent tops forecast

Delta 2nd-quarter profit increases 17 per cent, tops forecast AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email by The Associated Press Posted Jul 23, 2014 6:07 am MDT ATLANTA – Delta Air Lines Inc. said Wednesday that second-quarter earnings rose 17 per cent, topping analysts’ expectations, as passengers flew more miles at higher average fares and fuel spending declined.The results from Delta, the world’s third-biggest airline company, produced a strong opening to the industry’s results for the busy April-to-June quarter. American and United are scheduled to report second-quarter figures on Thursday, and analysts expect the biggest U.S. carriers to post large profits.Delta said it benefited from gains in corporate contracts and domestic traffic. Like other airlines, Delta has been adding flights cautiously and instead is cramming more passengers on each plane. The average flight was 86.3 per cent full, a figure that would have seemed impossible not long ago.By limiting seats or capacity, airlines can keep fares high. CEO Richard Anderson said Delta would continue its “disciplined approach” to adding new flights.“This discipline continues to be a key driver of our success, as we will post record results for 2014,” Anderson said on a conference call with analysts. “We see a good demand environment, combined with modest capacity increases that will result in solid (revenue) growth.”The average fare per mile climbed 3.8 per cent, and Delta also collected more from what it calls merchandising, such as charging extra fees for a roomier seat and for priority boarding.The company’s operating margin climbed to 15.1 per cent, and it predicted margins of 15 per cent to 17 per cent in the third quarter.For the third quarter, however, Delta predicted slower growth in so-called unit revenue — the amount of money taken in for every seat flown one mile. That figure is closely watched in the airline business, and it jumped 5.6 per cent in the June quarter. Delta predicted an increase of between 2 per cent and 4 per cent for the July-to-September period, compared with the same months in 2013.J.P. Morgan analyst Jamie Baker said that while the unit-revenue forecast might disappoint some investors, Delta’s overall guidance including margin was strong.S&P Capital IQ analyst Jim Corridore slightly raised his estimates of per-share earnings in 2014 and 2015. He praised the company for reducing debt, buying back shares and investing in the fleet, and said it would likely produce better returns than other airlines.For the second quarter, the Atlanta-based company said that net income increased to $801 million, or 94 cents per share, from $685 million, or 80 cents per share, in the same quarter a year ago.Earnings, adjusted for one-time gains and costs, were $1.04 per share. The average estimate of analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research was for earnings of $1.03 per share.The company said revenue climbed 9.4 per cent to $10.62 billion from $9.71 billion in the same quarter a year ago, and beat Wall Street forecasts. Analysts expected $10.59 billion, according to Zacks.Fuel spending dropped 6 per cent to $2.43 billion, offsetting a 6 per cent gain in labour costs to $2.05 billion.In afternoon trading, the shares were up $1.05, or 2.8 per cent, to $38.73. Through Tuesday, they had gained 37 per cent on the year, while the Standard & Poor’s 500 index had increased 7.3 per cent. read more

Read More

Brockled arts documentary captures top prizes in international film competition

Students at St. Catharines Collegiate perform Dealer’s Choice, one of the plays that was part of Commotion.When young people are given the chance to tell their own stories in their own ways, amazing things can happen.They produce plays that are both entertaining and informative. They deepen understanding of racism, bullying and other issues with which society grapples.And they win international awards that affirm their creative ideas and work.Such is the case with Commotion, a documentary arising out of a project of the same name that Department of Dramatic Arts associate professor Gyllian Raby and Carousel Players artistic director Pablo Felices Luna created three years ago in partnership with community groups.Commotion captured two Prestige Film Awards for 2015: the Gold Award in the Educational/Instructional category, and the Silver Award for Research.“You can be justifiably proud of winning a Prestige Film Award,” the organization wrote in an e-mail to Raby. “The judging standards are high and winning means the technique and imagination exhibited by your entry is outstanding and stands above other productions.”The film documents the work of the Commotion project, in which 80 students at six Niagara high schools produced and performed their original, one-act plays depicting a variety of issues they identified as being concerns to them.The students created the productions – which explored such themes as the impact of social media on young people, gender relations, death, racism, bullying and Internet danger – using a methodology called “RSVP.”Resource, Score, eValuation and ParticipationRaby explains that the process of RSVP – Resource, Score, eValuation and Participation – involves the students deciding collectively upon the theme of their play. Rather than students taking on specific roles – writer, actor, director, etc. – all group members participated in each aspect of the production.“You bring everyone together to create scores of activities out of which the work grows,” explains Raby. “The whole purpose of this is that it is a wide-open field where people of different opinions and backgrounds and skill levels can come together, share their voices, and create a piece out of their discussion.”The students presented their dramas to audiences of high school principals, teachers and community members at the Sullivan Mahoney Courthouse Theatre in downtown St. Catharines throughout the three-year program.Audience members and students discussed the themes following the performance.“The extraordinary thing to us was that the students are interested in exactly the same topics as adults are,” says Raby. “The level of their sophistication and understanding, once they are given a platform to express themselves, was really awesome.”TALKing it outAt the project’s start, Raby and Felices Luna reached out to TALK (Teams of Adults Listening to Kids) Niagara, an umbrella group of 15 youth-centred organizations that brought community members together to view the performances.The District School Board of Niagara also gave its support to the project, enabling drama teachers – alongside Raby’s Master students – to offer the 12-week drama program in the six Niagara high schools.Halfway into the schools’ drama program, audiences consisting of some 60 theatre, mental health, police and other professionals would critique the students’ work, offering feedback on how the students could strengthen their performances.To raise awareness of the RSVP process, Raby and Felices Luna approached Fourgrounds Media Inc. The St. Catharines-based film production company created Commotion from 240 hours of footage from the six plays over the three-year period.Fourgrounds president Adrian Thiessen says producing the Commotion documentary was much more that just work for a client but a collaboration in which the company was creatively invested.“Working on material where peoples’ lives are literally being changed on screen is fun to do, as opposed to selling a product or promoting a message,” says Thiessen. The Commotions project “is enabling people to be creative, taking people who might not otherwise experience some sort of emotional or creative connection at that age, in that period of their lives.”The federal government’s Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) provided a grant to support the Commotions project and the award-winning Commotion film.The Prestige Film Award is a California-based international juried competition that recognizes the work of filmmakers and production companies, with the aim of connecting them to distributors who can sell licensing rights around the world. read more

Read More

Stamkos has 4 points Lightning beat Panthers 73

Read More

Atletico breaks a new record beats Octavio with 5227

Atletico have managed to beat a club record old 17 years in the ASOBAL. They have beaten Octavio with 52:27, therefore beating a record from 17 years ago of highest number of goals scored from one team in one game, held exactly by Octavio in 1994, when they won 48:43 against Galdar. Such high number of goals was still not achieved in the Bundesliga, but a Bundesliga team, THW Kiel has more goal scored in one game than an ASOBAL team, THW Kiel beat Magdeburg 54:34 in 2006. ← Previous Story ASOBAL: Ademar struggles to beat San Antonio Next Story → Hedin appointed Aalborg coach read more

Read More

Dutch star Sanne van Olphen to French Tylon

Sanne van OlphenSønderjysk ← Previous Story Elena Gjorgievska sign for Baia Mare! Next Story → HANDBALL BOOK: “The bench perspective” Dutch right back Sanne van Olphen will change the country after few years in Denmark. A 25 years old lefthander player has signed three years contract with French Toulon St.Cyr VHB. She played last three season in Danish Sønderjysk, where she improved in the world-class player…

Read More

Ireland set to hand Beirne and Addison starts as POM moves to

first_img 40,047 Views By Murray Kinsella Short URL Aug 28th 2019, 1:09 PM Ireland set to hand Beirne and Addison starts as POM moves to 7 Joe Schmidt is set to make sweeping changes to his team to face Wales. Get the latest Rugby World Cup news and analysis, delivered straight to your inbox: Possible Ireland XV against Wales:15. Will Addison14. Andrew Conway13. Chris Farrell12. Bundee Aki11. Jacob Stockdale10. Jack Carty9. Kieran Marmion1. Dave Kilcoyne2. Niall Scannell3. John Ryan4. Iain Henderson5. James Ryan6. Tadhg Beirne7. Peter O’Mahony (captain)8. Jack Conan- Originally published at 13.09 Share10 Tweet Email2 Wednesday 28 Aug 2019, 5:00 PM 104 Comments PETER O’MAHONY IS set to captain Ireland from openside flanker in Saturday’s World Cup warm-up clash with Wales at the Principality Stadium in Cardiff [KO 2.30pm].Ireland boss Joe Schmidt is likely to make widespread changes to his starting XV after last weekend’s hammering at the hands of England in London, with Tadhg Beirne and Will Addison among those set for starts. Tadhg Beirne could start for Ireland at blindside. Source: Dan Sheridan/INPHOSchmidt is set to hand Beirne his starting opportunity at blindside flanker, with O’Mahony switching to the seven shirt and Jack Conan coming into the team at number eight aiming to make a big impression.James Ryan is in line to make his first appearance of the season in the second row, possibly alongside Iain Henderson. Niall Scannell could form an all-Munster front row with Dave Kilcoyne and John Ryan.Jack Carty is set to steer the team from out-half, while he may have a familiar halfback partner in Connacht team-mate Kieran Marmion, as Ireland go up against what is expected to be an experimental Welsh team.Chris Farrell seems likely to return to the team at outside centre, with Bundee Aki potentially in the number 12 shirt, while Jacob Stockdale is set to be joined in the back three by Andrew Conway and Ulster’s Will Addison. Addison is set for an outing at fullback. Source: Dan Sheridan/INPHOThe possible selection of Addison for his fourth Ireland cap and first outing of the season would certainly excite many supporters, with the 27-year-old’s versatility a potential positive in a final World Cup squad.Schmidt is set to officially announce his matchday 23 tomorrow at 1.45pm. https://the42.ie/4784789 Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this articlelast_img read more

Read More

Woman struck and killed while walking along MLK Jr Freeway in San

Read More

3 more held over Noakhali gang rape

first_imgProthom Alo illustrationThree more accused were arrested on Sunday in a case filed over the gang rape of a woman in Subarnachar upazila.The arrestees are Salauddin, Murad and Abul.Salauddin, 35, son of Tukai Miah, was arrested from a brick kiln at Sultanpur village in Feni Sadar upazila in the early hours, said Superintendent of Police of Noakhali Ilias Sharif.The two of them were arrested from Chatapaiya of Senbagh upazila and Habis Chowdhuribazar of Subarnachar upazila respectively in the evening, he said.The case was shifted to the Detective Branch (DB) for investigation, the SP added.Earlier in the day, seven accused arrested earlier in connection with the case — Badshah Alam Basu, former AL leader Ruhul Amin, Jashim Uddin, Hasan Ali Bhulu, Sohel, Swapan and Bechu — were placed on a five-day remand over the gang-rape.Ruhul Amin, AL upazila unit publicity affairs secretary and a former union council member, was expelled from the ruling party on January 5 for his alleged involvement in the gang rape.The woman, a mother of four, was gang-raped at Charjubli village in the upazila on 31 December by a gang of 10-12 men allegedly being ordered by Ruhul Amin after the general election.last_img read more

Read More

AllTime High Majority Of Republicans Support Pot Legalization For First Time

first_imgChris Hondros/Getty Images“Budtender” Marissa Dodd bags up a marijuana sale at the Dr. Reefer marijuana dispensary across from the University of Colorado in Boulder, Colo.For the first time, a majority of Republicans are in favor of legalizing marijuana, according to a Gallup poll out Wednesday.Fifty-one percent of Republicans tell Gallup that, yes, marijuana should be legal, up from 42 percent last year.That support has led to a whopping two-thirds of Americans (64 percent) supporting pot legalization, the highest ever recorded by Gallup. Gallup has data on the question since 1969.How quickly has support for marijuana changed among Americans? In 2004, just over a third supported it. Roughly that many Democrats were in favor, and only 20 percent of Republicans were.Majority of REPUBLICANS for first time in favor of legalization pic.twitter.com/ajqyM6E3Ni— Domenico Montanaro (@DomenicoNPR) October 25, 2017What has changed? Half the country has moved toward marijuana legalization in some form — with more than a half-dozen states having legalized pot for recreational use and more than dozen others having legalized medical marijuana. (Governing has a good map of that.)As Gallup’s Justin McCarthy notes, “As efforts to legalize marijuana at the state level continue to yield successes, public opinion, too, has shifted toward greater support.”Yet, the Trump administration has taken a tack in the opposite direction.“When you see something like the opioid addiction crisis blossoming in so many states around this country, the last thing we need to be doing is encouraging people,” said then-White House press secretary Sean Spicer several months ago. “There is still a federal law we need to abide by.”President Trump’s attorney general, Jeff Sessions, has a long record of being no fan of marijuana. In the 1980s, his nomination for a federal judgeship was derailed, in part, because of the revelation that he had joked that he thought the KKK was “OK until I found out they smoked pot.”As a senator, Sessions was very much set against marijuana, remarking during a hearing just last year: “Good people don’t smoke marijuana.”Of course, there is no guarantee that support stays at these levels, as NPR’s Danielle Kurtzleben noted last year, especially if there are unintended consequences in the states where it’s legal — and if as millennials get older and have children, they change their minds.But the trend in public opinion at this point is undeniable. Sharelast_img read more

Read More

The Physics of a Star Wars Bomber Dropping Bombs in Space

first_imgA Plane Dropping a PackageLet’s start with a classic physics problem. A plane is flying along on a level path at a constant speed of 20 m/s at an altitude of 20 meters. The plane then drops a box of supplies to some people on the ground. If the plane drops the box at x = 0 meters, where does the box land? Assume there is no air resistance.You can solve that problem if you like, but I really want to use it to ask a different question that doesn’t involve math. Also, it’s multiple-choice (everyone loves multiple-choice questions). The question is this: If you were able to see this box dropping from a plane (with a smoke trail), which of the following animations would correctly show the path of the dropped box?Option AOption BOption CI’m going to answer this question, but I want to look at bombs from TIE bombers first. Oh, yes, it’s true. I made these animations with Python. Here is the code (but don’t use it to cheat).TIE Bombers and AsteroidsSo, here is the scene. Han and Leia are trying to escape from the Imperials. Since the Millennium Falcon is broken, they temporarily hide in a cave on an asteroid. The Empire sends out the bombers to try to scare them out of hiding (I guess). Oh wait, is that a spoiler? Maybe not since the movie is almost 40 years old.What is the motion of a space bomb as it drops out of a TIE bomber? We don’t have to guess. We can find out straight from the movie by using video analysis (I even have a book on this. With video analysis, we can look at the position of an object in each frame of the video. It’s much easier when we know the size of an object in the movie (like the size of a TIE bomber) and the camera doesn’t pan or zoom (also true for this scene).Actually, we have two nice views of a TIE bomber dropping a space bomb. The first view shows the bombers moving straight towards the “camera” and dropping a bomb. From this (and the width of a bomber at 10.6 meters), I can plot the vertical motion of a bomb as it “falls” (if you don’t like the idea of falling, see the homework questions at the end of this post).Here is a plot of the motion for one of these bombs. (Note: I am using the free Tracker Video Analysis software to get this data.)From this motion, I know three things:The bomb seems to fall with a fairly constant acceleration (that’s why the data looks parabolic).The vertical acceleration of the bomb is about 440 m/s2. This is an acceleration about 44 times greater than the free-fall acceleration on the surface of the Earth (about 9.8 m/s2). Yes, I know this is not on Earth.The TIE bomber is traveling about 40 meters above the surface of the asteroid.But wait! There’s more. Right after that view, there is a shot of the TIE bombers as seen from above. From this, I can get the horizontal motion of both the spacecraft and the “bomb.” Here is a plot:It seems clear that the TIE bomber is moving with a fairly constant velocity—around 41 m/s. But what about the bomb? It also moves forward, but its horizontal speed decreases as it falls down (it’s the blue curve in the graph above). It’s not a perfect fit, but I can also get an approximate value for the acceleration of the bomb in the horizontal direction with a magnitude of around 32 m/s2.Physics of Dropping ThingsNow let’s go back to the original question. In the absence of air resistance (like in space), how would an object fall from a moving plane? Without air resistance, there is only one force acting on the falling object—the downward gravitational force. This downward (and constant) force means that the object will increase in downward speed as it falls. It’s the same as if you dropped a ball from rest above the floor.Since the only force is the gravitational force, that means there is zero force in the horizontal direction. The nature of a force on an object is to change its speed. So, with no horizontal force there is no change in horizontal speed. If the object was dropped from a plane moving at 40 m/s, then the falling object will also have a 40 m/s horizontal speed. The object and the plane have the same horizontal speed, so they should have the same horizontal position. The object will be right under the plane for the entire falling motion. This corresponds to the option A animation above. Did you get it correct? [embedded content]Oh, I should add that I cheated. I decreased the “vertical” acceleration so that the bomb takes longer to hit the ground.I guess I should address the physics problem here—why does the bomb fall at all? The gravitational force from the asteroid is likely MUCH weaker than that on the surface of the Earth. However, the bomb “falls” down with an acceleration MUCH greater than it would on Earth. So, what’s the deal? Really, there is no way of knowing for sure. One answer would be that the bombs aren’t falling at all. Instead they are tiny little rockets with thrusters on them to push them down. Would that still be a bomb? Who cares—it still looks cool in the movie.Wait! There is another example of bombers in Star Wars. In The Last Jedi, the movie starts off with some Resistance bombers attacking a First Order star destroyer. SPOILER ALERT: only one bomber makes it close enough to drop the bombs. But the bombs do indeed drop. In this case, you can actually see the bombs falling out of the spacecraft just like they would fall out of a B-17 bomber in WWII. There are no rockets on the bombs. They are just bombs.It’s a bit harder to justify the physics in this scene. Perhaps the Resistance bomber has a type of bomb launcher system that throws these bombs out the bottom of the spacecraft. But if that’s the case, why wait until the ship is directly over the star destroyer? Another possibility is that the First Order ship is so massive, it gravitationally pulls the bombs towards it. But no matter what—it’s still a cool scene. Just to be clear, I’m not a Star Wars hater. I’m a Star Wars fan.HomeworkHere are some questions for you.Assuming an asteroid density of 3,000 kg/m3 and a diameter of 3 km (a spherical asteroid), what would be the acceleration of a falling bomb due to the gravitational field of this giant rock?Estimate the gravitational field near a First Order dreadnought. Here are the dimensions.See if you can take the code from my model above and exactly reproduce the two views from The Empire Strikes Back.Use video analysis and estimate the acceleration of bombs leaving the Resistance bomber. How does this acceleration compare to the gravitational acceleration of a free-falling object on the surface of the Earth?If the bomb fell from a height of 40 meters onto the surface of the Earth, how long would it take to hit the ground? What about the falling time for a gravitational field due to this asteroid?Here is the best homework question. How did they film these bombs in The Empire Strikes Back? It probably wasn’t a computer-generated effect (the movie was released in 1980). One option is that they used a model of a TIE bomber (which they did) and a small falling object for the bomb. They could then adjust the time rate of the clip so that it looks like it falls over a large distance. The second option is to “draw” a bomb on each frame of the scene—which is how they probably did the blaster bolts. But in this second method, someone would have to decide where to put the bomb in each case, which would require a calculation. I honestly don’t know which way they did it. OK, just to be clear—you might get a motion like option C if you actually drop an object out of a plane on Earth. Once the thing leaves the plane, there would be a backwards pushing force from the air. This would cause the horizontal object speed to decrease such that the package (or whatever you drop) would land behind the plane.But what is happening with the bomb from the TIE bomber? Who knows?Modeling a TIE BomberYou don’t really understand something until you can model it. In this case, I am going to recreate this scene in VPython. I will make a 3-D model of both the TIE bomber and the bomb. It’s going to be great. The other cool thing about making a 3-D physics model of a TIE bomber is that I can view it from whatever position I like. It would be possible to view top-down or from the side. I decided to take a “camera” view that has the TIE bomber pass overhead—because I think it looks cool. This is not just an animation, it’s the full code. Click Play to run it and the pencil icon to view or edit the code (which you might need for the homework). The number of physics problems hidden in Star Wars movies is much greater than you think. Oh, don’t worry. I know it’s just a movie and not one that really focuses on science. That won’t stop me from looking at something from The Empire Strikes Back—the introduction of the TIE bomber.For a human like me who grew up on Star Wars, The Empire Strikes Back was super cool (and also one of the top three Star Wars movies of all time). In the prequel A New Hope, we see only two kinds of TIE fighters—the plain kind and Darth Vader’s special TIE fighter. But then we get to see the TIE bomber.What the heck is a TIE bomber? It’s a TIE fighter that drops bombs … in space. Yes, right there you might say these things are dumb. Or you could just chill out and realize that this is the equivalent of a WWII bomber. That’s what it’s like.If you want, you can get together with your friends to debate the merits of a bomber in space. For me, I’m just going to do some physics. This is going to be great. More Great WIRED StoriesHow a domino master builds 15,000-piece creationsThis hyperreal robot will cry and bleed on med studentsInside the haywire world of Beirut’s electricity brokersTips to get the most out of Gmail’s new featuresHow NotPetya, a single piece of code, crashed the worldLooking for more? Sign up for our daily newsletter and never miss our latest and greatest storieslast_img read more

Read More